What is gum disease?
Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection in the tissue around the teeth. This has been linked to:
- Cardiovascular diseases.
- A variety of other health problems.
Besides treating the gum disease, we can work to optimize your overall health. So contact us if you believe you have gum disease.
What are the types?
There are two major types:
- Gingivitis: This is when you have swollen or bleeding gum tissue. It occurs when bacteria collects and remains on the teeth. If untreated, it can lead to periodontal disease.
- Periodontitis: It is an infection of the tissue and bone around the teeth and a loss of foundational bone that surrounds them.
What causes it?
The same factors can lead to both gingivitis and periodontitis:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Old age
- Poor nutrition
- A variety of other factors
How do you treat gum disease?
Sometimes the damage cannot be reversed. While we can stop the progression, it is a process. Almost always, the following options can help treat both gingivitis and periodontitis:
- Maintain regular dental cleanings and check-ups.
- Remove built up plaque and tartar.
- Fill any cavities that have formed.
- For more information, Colgate has written an article on the treatment of gingivitis and options for home care.
Once we have stopped the progression, we can often manage and maintain the teeth at that stage.
While we can help to improve your oral hygiene to treat gum disease, we also refer patients to the Periodontics specialists in Helena at MT Implants and Periodontics.
So how can I prevent it?
Gingivitis, periodontitis, and other gum diseases can be prevented by maintaining proper dental hygiene at home. Good dental hygiene includes:
- Brushing with a fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day.
- Flossing daily.
- Attending your recommended hygiene and recall exams.
Visit our Proper Home Care page for more information about maintaining good oral health.